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Wine Traffic #44 For 22 May 2000

By Eric Pouech

Table Of Contents

Introduction

This is the 4R4threlease of the Wine's kernel cousin publication. It's main goal is to distribute widely what's going on around Wine (the Un*x windows emulator).

Mailing List Stats For This Week

We looked at 159 posts in 743K.

There were 46 different contributors. 26 posted more than once. 21 posted last week too.

The top posters of the week were:

1. OpenGL optimization

16 May 2000 - 20 May 2000 (22 posts) Archive Link: "Automatic CDECL / STDCALL translation"

People: Lionel UlmerPatrik Stridval

Lionel Ulmer, while toying with the OpenGL support in Wine, wrote:
After doing some benchmarks, I found out that the OpenGL performance is not too bad compared to Windows: about 25 % slower on the Tirtanium benchmark when removing the X11 critical section protection, 50 % slower with it.

Now, I think most of the remaining frame per second are lost in the CDECL -> STDCALL conversion of all the OpenGL routines. I looked at the code GCC generated for the OpenGL code and it's not really efficient: it 'pops' all the arguments in registers and then pushes them again for the calling of the CDECL function...
For better comprehension, the Linux OpenGL Windows routines are analogous in their prototypes. Only the calling convention differs. Linux OpenGL uses the C-decl order, whereas Windows uses the STDCALL (or PASCAL) calling convention.

Lionel was looking for optimized (maybe ASM based) solutions to do the reordering of the parameters.

Patrik Stridval provided some code he had written for portability issues: Patrik wanted to compile Wine with a compiler not supporting the stdcall convention, but still keeping the ability to call in native DLLs (which export only stdcall functions). Patrik had in mind at that time either Solaris on ix86 with the Sun C Compiler (another use would be any other platform running an ix86 emulator).

Various versions of the patch circulated, including differences regarding thread safety (some locks must be set before entering the OpenGL functions), reentrancy (can an OpenGl function be called - thru this thunking mechanism - while already executing the call to another OpenGL function), PIC (since the generated code can be put in a .so file, it needs to be Position Independant Code - all references are relative).

No final word has been spoken yet (either on a working patch, nor a substantial optimization).

2. MFC and Wine

19 May 2000 - 20 May 2000 (4 posts) Archive Link: "MFC questions"

People: Wilbur DaleGavriel StateJutta WrageJeremy White

Wilbur Dale wrote
Over the past few months I have been working with wine and winelib in my spare time. Eventually I hope to port a Win32 app to linux using winelib. The next major hurdle in the port is MFC. I see two paths and I am seeking advice and help.

1. Compile MFC. Several years ago we (Lumin Software) tried to compile MFC. The attempt failed and we found another way to do what we wanted. MS documentation states that compiling MFC was deliberately made difficult. Considering my experience with stuff they call "easy" I am not looking forward to compiling MFC. We are currently using Visual Studio 5 for windows development.

2. Create some code that loads and initializes the MFC library and allows access to the MFC functions from within winelib. I know how to do this. I successfully ran the EdrTest/EdrLib example from Petzold last weekend. In my code, I had edrtest compiled under winelib and it ran the functions using the windows compiled edrlib.dll. I think this solution may be easier, but it requires over a thousand functions in MFC to be hooked up. However, it looks like the process can be automated. There is a text file (MFC42.DEF) with the MFC libraries that contains the ordinals and the mangled names. From this file it is possible to automatically create the spec file, the pointers to functions, and the initialization of the pointers. The automation would require a name de-mangler. So far I have found no documentation on MS C++ name mangling.
Wilbur then asked for some advices on how to do it.

Gavriel State was the first to fire back:
At Corel, we had MFC compiled and running sample apps in WineLib in late 1998. It's mostly a question of the Wine headers, which weren't originally up to snuff. We did quite a bit of work on them, and most of those changes have been contributed back to WineHQ, so it should be pretty easy now. The other thing that was a big deal was getting the startup code working properly - since MFC needs to initialize static data after WineLib gets initialized. I believe that that issue has been addressed now on the WineHQ side with some of the work done on the .spec file tools recently.

Also, Jeremy White continued on the same path:
Despite your previous experience, and despite my earlier incorrect statements, I think that this is simpler than you fear. It's one of those tasks that's darkest before the storm - you spend all of your energy getting all the include files to work. Once you have one object file, the rest go much more quickly (alright, getting it to link is also a hairball of a job, but it's tractable <g>).

If you're not in a hurry, getting MFC to compile, and having a documented procedure for compiling it is on our agenda for the relatively near future (see the Wine 1.0 task list).

Gavriel also pointed out some interesting changes in the MFC licence from Microsoft. Basically, and without too much of lawyer talking, Microsoft removed the need to run code using MFC on a Microsoft OS. So, if you have a licence for MFC (of the correct type, seems that SP3 for MSVC 6.0 allows it), you can, for personal use, compile and use the MFC lib under Linux!

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sharon And Joy
 

Kernel Traffic is grateful to be developed on a computer donated by Professor Greg Benson and Professor Allan Cruse in the Department of Computer Science at the University of San Francisco. This is the same department that invented FlashMob Computing. Kernel Traffic is hosted by the generous folks at kernel.org. All pages on this site are copyright their original authors, and distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2.0.