Wine Traffic #16 For 8 Nov 1999
Table Of Contents
This is the sixteenth release of the Wine's kernel cousin
publication. It's main goal is to distribute widely what's
going on around Wine (the Un*x windows emulator).
Mailing List Stats For This Week
We looked at 85 posts in 281K.
There were 34 different contributors.
19 posted more than once.
19 posted last week too.
The top posters of the week were:
- 12 posts in 22K by Eric Pouech <Eric.Pouech@wanadoo.fr>
- 9 posts in 29K by Ove Kaaven <firstname.lastname@example.org>
- 5 posts in 30K by Moshe Vainer <email@example.com>
- 5 posts in 17K by 'Juergen Schmied' <firstname.lastname@example.org>
- 4 posts in 9K by Rein Klazes <email@example.com>
- Full Stats
Threads and WineLib
Archive Link: "Threads and WineLib"
Mel Gorman, Ove Kåven,
Mel Gorman reported some issues while using WineLib:
Ove Kåven replied:
I'm writing a plugin for XMMS
playing VQF's using WineLIB and windows DLL's. I had a nice amount of
success in getting a plugin to work but I had to separate XMMS and the
plugin into two separate programs which is kruddy as hell. When I try
to merge them together, there is segfaults every direction when the
windows dll tries to thread. I'm fairly sure that it's due to the
difference in how pthreads (used by XMMS) does threading and how Wine
does it's own threading with clone.
Note: VQF is another format for
compressed audio, and a possible (better ?) replacement for MP3. For
more on the VQF plugin for XMMS, you can also check
The issue is simple: for two threaded systems to be compatible with each
other, they should use the same thread primitives. This has thus two
- Make Wine use pthreads. Time and time again it has been discussed and
argued that pthreads is generally not compatible with win32 threading, so
cannot be used for the binary emulator at least. It could conceivably be
used for pure Winelib if the binary compatibility part is disabled, but I
don't think anyone have bothered. (Besides, it seems you are doing this
for the binary compatibility, loading win32 dlls)
- Make XMMS use Wine threads, but it doesn't sound likely to be an
option, since this is a plugin.
I think you have to stick with separate processes for XMMS and Winelib to
accomplish what you want.
Wine integration into Unix/X11
Archive Link: "Wine integration into Unix/X11"
Eric Pouech, Gavriel State, Jürgen Schmied,
David Grant from Corel submitted a patch that would better integrate
KDE look'n'feel inside Wine. It would allow to display every window
with a KDE look'n'feel (even the child ones, which Wine currently only
displays with the Windows look, whatever mode (-managed or not) Wine
is run with). In details, it implements the KDE (and also Windows 98)
gradient on windows' title bar, the menu tracking, use of KDE system
colors for Wine defaults.
Eric Pouech disagreed on the approach:
Gavriel State (Corel) answered:
Have you thought 2 seconds of what it would mean to mimic every WM on
the field in Wine ? You've started with KDE, we could add Gnome, mwm,
fvwm, ice, CDE, <put here your favorite WM>... The code would be an
utter mess. And not maintainable, needless to say. For example, are
you sure that KDE will always keep the same gradient, even in KDE 2 ?
if not, you'll have to integrate another tweak for KDE2... :-(
There are of course parts that can be applied as it is (like gradient
for caption), but, unless we provide a cleaner way to better integrate
a WM look (and perhaps feel) into Wine, I fear that your patches would
cause more harm than good.
Jürgen Schmied proposed in order to help this modularization to build
upon the existing ownerdrawn mechanism:
Yes, ideally we would be able to modularize more of the
'chrome' code so that it would be easier to write additional modules to
support the various different looks that people might want (Gnome, mwm, KDE,
Win31, Win2K, etc). Right now though, we (Corel) don't have time to spend on
this. We're concentrating on the KDE look primarily because KDE seems to be
the most popular desktop WM, and we anticipate that it will continue to be
for quite a while. Even if it doesn't look 100% right for KDE 2 (or KDE with
themes), it's still better than the Win95 look for MDI windows for what
we're working on.
Something else to consider is this: there is a potential copyright
issue with the Windows look and feel sets - specifically with the
maximize, minimize, and close buttons on the Window borders. Better to
have at least one look and feel setting that doesn't look exactly like
If Alexandre and the wider WINE community don't want to integrate the patch
into the main CVS tree, it's no big deal for us - we mostly work from our
own internal tree anyway. If someone else wants to modularize the look and
feel code so that it's easier to support new looks (Gnome, mwm, etc), we'd
probably be happy to move the KDE look into that structure, but I don't
think that we're prepared to do that modularization ourselves at this
Why not plug
all drawing functions (win31 and win95 look could be the first two)
into the ownerdrawn mechanism? Like if its a real ownerdrawn control
send the message and if its one of our internal drawing routines call
the appropriate function through a calltable. All structures of the
ownerdrawn mechanism could be reused and all the ugly if(style=win31)
the do this and if (style=win95) the do that constructs could be
The discussion evolved to a wider approach of the integration of
Windows applications (run with Wine) into the Unix/X11
environment (having all widgets with a KDE look'n'feel, how to display
paths...). Gavriel State gave Corel's view:
- Even with the patch, there isn't
a real KDE look
and feel for each widget, only menubars and MDI windows. Luckily, for
KDE, the rest of the Windows widgets are very similar to KDE's
David Grant has been working on another patch
that's basically a hack to display DOS-style paths as UNIX paths by
simply reversing the direction of slashes and dropping the drive
letter. The hack is turned on via a switch in the ..winerc file. Our
apps are being built to use a .winerc file that maps C:\ to /, so that
a path like this:
gets displayed as
There are complications with the file dialogs, and some other code that we
haven't entirely resolved yet, so it'll likely be a while before we would
send the hack in to wine-patches.
We also have a patch coming that will allow the use of a --prefix option
so that a different .winerc and .wine directory can be specified for
different apps. This way, the use of the KDE look and filename conversion
flags by our apps will be in a .wporc file, not your .winerc, and nothing
other than our apps will be affected unless you make the appropriate
modifications to your .winerc.
Archive Link: "Wine identification"
Gavriel State, Ulrich Weigand,
Gavriel State is looking for a
a clean way to
determine if we're running under WINE, and preferably the vintage as
He proposed a Wine only extension of return values from
Ulrich Weigand proposed:
No patch has been submitted yet.
The TNT toolkit (which allows to run WinNT console apps under DOS)
exports a special symbol 'IsTNT' from its version of KERNEL32.DLL, so
apps can simply check with GetProcAddress() whether that's there.
We might similarly add a KERNEL32 routine 'IsWine' or so; for extended
info that symbol could point to a string containing version info,
or even to a routine that could be called to query lots of
Of Windows' versions
Archive Link: "Of Windows' versions"
Rein Klazes, Ulrich Weigand, , Rein Klaze
While fixing some incorrect behavior in edit control in disable state,
and finding out that the messages to be sent depend on the Windows's
the application is running on, Rein Klazes popped up this question:
Now I wonder how windows can detect that an
application is designed for windows 3.1?.
There is currently, three different notions of Windows' version used
in wine (from Ulrich Weigand's explanation):
So, to implement correctly the old and new behavior as explained by
Rein, Ulrich proposed the following:
the Windows version that the current session of
Wine emulates. In the simple case, this is just a constant
corresponding to the -winver setting (as returned by
GetProcessVersion() returns the Windows version
that the process in question expects. This is determined from the
'expected_version' field of the NE header or the 'SubsystemVersion'
fields of the PE header.
- the tweak used for the presentation (Tweak options in ~/.winerc)
which triggers how the look'n'feel of various controls shall be done.
This thread triggered a set of patches, including returning correct
version information for builtin modules.
First, check VERSION_GetVersion() to find out which Windows version
we do emulate; then, behave like that
Windows version does.
- If we emulate Win3.1, this means we always use the 'old' method,
even if the executable expects the new one (if the executable indeed
relies on the new method, it probably wouldn't work on Win3.1, so if
Wine were a perfect emulator, we'd expect that the program doesn't
work on Wine in Win3.1 mode, either :-/)
- If we emulate Win9x, this means that we have now to implement a
further check, depending on the version expected by the executable
(because that's what Win9x does). If the executable expects the
old method, use the old, otherwise the new one...
Actually, to be completely compatible we shouldn't even use the
application's expected version. Consider the case that a 'old'
application links to 'new' DLLs or vice versa. If one of those
DLLs now call into the Windows core, e.g. to display a private
dialog, and that DLL specifically relies on either the old or the
new behavior, we choose wrong if we just consider the app's expected
Instead, what Win9x does (in 16-bit code) is to examine the return
address to the caller which called the core routine. Using the code
segment selector which is part of the return address, it finds out
which module allocated that selector, and hence which DLL performed
the call. It then uses the expected version of that DLL to decide.
- If we emulate a particular WinNT version, we should do like that
does. I'm not completely sure myself what that is, however ;-)
All this gets even more complicated if we expect Wine to transparently
select a Windows version to emulate, so that the executable runs best ...
Sharon And Joy